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Governance & Law

Evolution from Violence to Law to Social Justice
Seeding Intrinsic Values: How a Law of Ecocide will Shift our Consciousness
Human Rights, Liberty & Socio-Economic Justice: Economic Theory and the Ascent of Private Property Values
Brief History of Alternative Dispute Resolution in the United States
Simulated ICJ Judgment : Revisiting the Lawfulness of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons
New Paradigm for Global Rule of Law
Law in Transition Biblioessay: Globalization, Human Rights, Environment, Technology
The Right to Development
Integrated Approach to Peace & Human Security in the 21st Century*
Social Power, Law and Society
Toward a New Theory of Sustainable Development: Drawing on Insights from Developments in Modern Legal Theory*

Winston P. Nagan, Craig Hammer, Maxat Akhmetkaliyeva
 Get Full Text in PDF Abstract In the light of the countless hours invested in the development of the Sustainable Development Goals—the set of targets and indicators relating to future international human and sustainable development, which replaced the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) at the end of 2015 —by hundreds of the world’s top minds, in addition to more than twenty-five years of... Read more
Saulo Casali Bahia
 Get Full Text in PDF Abstract The article aims to discuss some aspects of the formal centers of social power. Thus, it seeks to answer how power becomes institutionalized in formal social organizations; what is the source of political power and how it is converted into institutions of governance; how legal power is generated by society and how it grows; what is the relationship... Read more
Garry Jacobs
 Get Full Text in PDF Abstract Humanity has made remarkable progress during the past two centuries in advancing peace, democracy, human rights, economic development and social equality. The evolution of human relations has progressed far from the time when physical violence, war and conquest were the predominant form of international relations. Diplomacy has evolved from political... Read more
Winston P. Nagan
Get Full Text in PDF Abstract One of the most far-reaching decisions of the United Nations General Assembly was the adoption of the Declaration on the Right to Development in 1986. The Declaration was adopted with an expectation of optimism about progression to a new global economic dispensation. This did not happen. However, the Declaration remains an important symbol of global expectation.... Read more
James Ranney
Get Full Text in PDF Abstract The author sets about re-thinking the old concept of “World Peace Through Law” (WPTL), meaning replacing the use of international force with the global rule of law. He traces the history of the WPTL concept back to the British legal philosopher Jeremy Bentham, whose 1789 ‘Plan for an Universal and Perpetual Peace’ proposed “a plan of general and permanent... Read more
Winston P. Nagan, Garry Jacobs
Get Full Text in PDF Abstract The current international security framework is based on an incomplete, anachronistic conception of sovereignty shaped largely by historical circumstance rather than principles of universal justice. Evolution of the global community over the past half century necessitates a reformulation of the concept to justly represent the rights of individual citizens and the... Read more
Polly Higgins
Get Full Text in PDF “Currently, our world is predominantly driven by laws that put profit first. So how do we shift to a new way of being that prioritises intrinsic values? How do we shift away from valuing something for its price-tag to valuing something in and of itself, regardless of whether or not it has a pecuniary value?” In April 2010, I proposed to the United Nations a law of Ecocide.... Read more
Michael Marien
Get Full Text in PDF Abstract As globalization continues, many transformations in international and domestic laws are underway or called for.  There are too many laws and too few, too much law that is inadequate or obsolete, and too much law-breaking.  This biblioessay covers some 100 recent books, nearly all recently published, arranged in four categories.  1) International Law... Read more
Winston P. Nagan, Garry Jacobs
Get Full Text in PDF Abstract Law is both a condition and a consequence of social development, an outcome of the broader social process, a form of social organization which channels social energies based on the relative strength of past practice and precedent, the present balance of power and emerging social values. Values are the bedrock of social process and the driving force for social... Read more
Winston P. Nagan
Get Full Text in PDF Abstract The author prepared this simulated judgment at the request of Cadmus editors to demonstrate that there is ample ground for revisiting and revising the landmark 1996 advisory opinion of the ICJ on the legality of nuclear weapons. The ICJ failed to anticipate the proliferation of nuclear weapons, which expands the evolution of the concept of sovereignty, the potential... Read more
Winston P. Nagan, Garry Jacobs
Social development is largely a subconscious process. It expresses ir­resistible human aspira­tions and social tenden­cies but works itself out through a long process of trial and error, advance and retreat, conflict and resolution. Law is a complex phenomenon. The principles and practice of law are a composite of multiple forces – the force of past precedent, established... Read more
Michael McManus, Brianna Silverstein
Get Full Text in PDF Editor’s note: This issue of Cadmus focuses on the power of organizational innovation to address social problems and enhance social effectiveness. The development of law marks the evolution of civilization. Survival of the fittest is the law of the jungle based on strength alone. As society developed, rule by the governing principle of physical strength on the battle field... Read more
Winston P. Nagan
Get Full Text in PDF 1. Introduction In the Introduction to the first issue of CADMUS, Ivo Šlaus and Garry Jacobs essentially provide us with a reminder that the founders of modern economics were also important moral philosophers. In particular, Adam Smith would appear to be influenced by the idea that economics has a great deal to do with human well-being. His theory was meant to be a tool to... Read more
Organization Abolishes Scarcity
A Mediterranean - EU Community for a New Era of Mankind
Organizing International Food Security
Call for United Action
Governance
Towards a Global Democratic Revolution: A Global Parliament and the Transformation of the World Order
The Turn Towards Unity: Converting Crises into Opportunities
Taming Global Governance Idea Chaos: A “Frontier Frame” for Recent Books
Social Evolution, Global Governance and a World Parliament
From European Union to World Union: Building Effective and Democratic Global Governance
The Future of the Arctic: A Key to Global Sustainability
Seeking Alternatives in a Global Crisis
Global Governance: A New Paradigm for the Rule of Law*
The Crisis of the Existing Global Paradigm of Governance and Political Economy
Towards a Global Comprehensive Context-Driven and Decision-Focused Theory and Method for a New Political Economy
A World Parliament and the Transition from International Law to World Law
Uncorking the Future: Transitions to a New Paradigm
From Reset to Reboot?
Book Review
The Greek Financial Crisis – Theoretical Implications
Onwards! Reinforcing Democracy for the 21st Century
Debugging Democracy
Twelve Action Lines For a Better World
Relevance of Spiritual Principles for Resolving Social Problems
The Concept, Basis and Implication of Human-Centered Development
On the Conditions of Collective Action in Globalisation*

Augusto Santos Silva
 Get Full Text in PDF Abstract One must confer specific attention to “collective action” in the framework of globalisation. The article addresses this issue both at the analytical and normative levels. For the first one, it makes use of sociology. Two main problems are identified: the inequalities and imbalances that constitute globalisation are associated to globalisation; and its... Read more
Winston P. Nagan
 Get Full Text in PDF Abstract Our contemporary era has a critical focus on globalization. However, notwithstanding the necessary interdependence and interdetermination of the forces of globalization, these forces are deeply influenced by an economic theory, a theory known as “economic neoliberalism.” To date, this theory has not been seriously challenged. Fellows of the World Academy of... Read more
Ashok Natarajan
 Get Full Text in PDF Abstract Society unknowingly follows the course of spiritual evolution. Spirituality is the quest for self-existent order and harmonious perfection. The evolution of society is driven by an irrepressible aspiration for the values that are the translation and embodiment of that order. The history of civilization is a record of its progressive emergence. Spirituality is... Read more
F. J. Radermacher
 Get Full Text in PDF Abstract This article describes a global governance system that—from the author’s point of view—would lead to sustainability and allow the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which have just been adopted at the UN level. Major elements are (1) the integration of existing international regimes in the area of the UN, WTO and the world financial... Read more
Alexander Likhotal
 Get Full Text in PDF Abstract Democracy was the most successful political idea of the 20th century. However since the beginning of the new century democracy has been clearly suffering from serious structural problems, rather than a few isolated ailments. Why has it run into trouble, can it be revived? In the consumption driven world people have started to be driven by the belief in economic... Read more
Ismail Serageldin
 Get Full Text in PDF Abstract Universal suffrage has been the primary goal of democratic evolution. Despite elections and other measures taken to ensure democratic rights, some desired outcomes such as equality and transparency are not being met. The current mode of our democratic system is archaic in addressing the world’s multifaceted global crises. So, there’s a dire need to incorporate... Read more
Garry Jacobs, Mark Swilling
 Get Full Text in PDFAbstract The world we live in is a product of the way we think. Our conception of reality determines what we see and what we achieve. The Greek crisis is not simply a case of high public debt, economic mismanagement or weak political will in Greece or the Eurozone. It is underpinned by economic premises, constructs and resulting practices that promote exactly the type of... Read more
Michael Marien
 Get Full Text in PDF Two Cheers for the Millennium Project2013-14 State of the Future (17th Edition) Jerome C. Glenn* (Director, Millennium Project), Theodore J. Gordon (Senior Fellow, Millennium Project), and Elizabeth Florescu (Director of Research, Millennium Project). Washington: The Millennium Project, April 2014, 247p (6x9”), $39.95pb. PDF in English or Spanish, $29.95. www.themp.org... Read more
Alexander Likhotal
 Get Full Text in PDF Abstract The Ukrainian crisis provoked a serious and dangerous deterioration of relations between Russia and the West. However the relations between Russia and the West should not be reduced to the current Ukrainian crisis. The rational interpretation requires getting rid of Cold war prejudices and facing the systemic disfunctionality of the current international system... Read more
Garry Jacobs
 Get Full Text in PDF Abstract This article explores issues discussed at three recent WAAS events regarding the process of transition to a new paradigm. The prominent institutions and policies governing the present paradigm are founded upon a bedrock of ideas and values and an abstract, reductionistic mode of analytic thinking detached from people and social reality. Escape from the present... Read more
Andreas Bummel
 Get Full Text in PDF Abstract World civilization depends on the provision of global public goods such as tackling climate change, ensuring international financial stability or peace and security. Yet, the intergovern­mental system of global governance is not capable of delivering the required results. At a fundamental level, the change necessary to achieve functioning world governance... Read more
Winston P. Nagan, Valeen Arena
 Get Full Text in PDF Abstract There is currently significant dissatisfaction with conventional economic theory. The unreliability of conventional theory as a predictor of future economic possibilities of catastrophes emphasizes the need for a new paradigm of political economy. This paper provides a capsule of some of the important limitations and consequences of the “old” paradigm. It... Read more
Winston P. Nagan
 Get Full Text in PDF Abstract This article seeks to underline the central challenges to world order that are outcomes of our current system of global, social, power and constitutional processes. The article outlines these major problems which it is suggested represent a crisis for the future trajectory of human survival and well-being. The paper then uses the problem of the emergence of... Read more
Winston P. Nagan
 Get Full Text in PDF Abstract This article seeks to appraise the Rule of Law in the context of international sovereignty and the growth of international non-governmental organizations. The article explores the meaning of the Rule of Law and suggests that it is better understood as a symbol representing the most basic values that underline our global constitutional system. When we relate the... Read more
Federico Mayor
 Get Full Text in PDF Abstract Replacing the United Nations system and large international institutions with plutocratic groups (G-7, G-8, G-20) and universal principles with the laws of the market has led to multiple crises that require immediate reaction to prevent them from becoming irreversible. Neoliberalism has placed military, energy, economic and media power in the hands of a very... Read more
John Scales Avery
Get Full Text in PDF Abstract It is becoming increasingly clear that the concept of the absolutely sovereign nation-state is a dangerous anachronism in a world of thermonuclear weapons, instantaneous communication, and economic interdependence. Probably our best hope for the future lies in developing the United Nations into a World Federation. The strengthened United Nations should have a... Read more
Francesco Stipo
Francesco Stipo - Fellow, World Academy of Art & Science; Chair, Legal Political Committee, US Association, Club of Rome Anitra Thorhaug - Chair, Energy & Resources Committee; US Association, Club of Rome Ryan Jackson - Chair, Health, Population & Religion Committee; US Association, Club of Rome Keith Butler, Roberta Gibbs, James Gray, Philip Marshall, Andrew Oerke, Marian Simion,... Read more
John McClintock
Get Full Text in PDF Abstract Sovereignty-sharing has placed European countries in a position to resolve their common problems through law, not war. As a result, the EU member states now live in peace together and take peace, justice and order for granted. The system of global governance is dysfunctional – some states are failing and the Security Council lacks legitimacy. Humanity does not have... Read more
Andreas Bummel
Get Full Text in PDF Abstract This article describes the relevance of a world parliament in the context of long-term social evolution and the crisis of global governance.[*] It is argued that due to the development of weapons of mass destruction and complex interdependency, war has ceased to be a driver of socio-evolutionary consolidation of power at the world-system level. At the same time,... Read more
At the time of this writing, more than 10 million lives are at risk on the Horn of Africa due to food shortages arising from poor rainfall and a consequently dismal harvest. But the source of their food insecurity in the region is also related to conflict, environment, education, governance, health and other issues. Famine has reoccurred in spite of a doubling of development... Read more
Appeal And suddenly everything is different! With the Arab Spring we are entering into a new era while the European Union itself is facing huge challenges. This is the time to innovate! Diplomacy, economy and society have to be rethought to respond to the aspirations towards a new development model, the strengthening of the rule of law, and the establishment of a new framework for integrating... Read more
Society is an intricately complex web of mutually beneficial, productive and collaborative relationships between people, activities, institutions, laws, ideas and values. Ideas and values determine the breadth, depth and heights of civilization and culture to which society attains. Organization constitutes the warp and woof of that web and determines its strength, quality, amplitude and capacity... Read more
Garry Jacobs
Get Full Text in PDF Abstract Human progress is stimulated by external threats and pressures. Values distilled from long experience possess the essential knowledge and power needed for continuous development and evolution. Successive waves of foreign invasions following the collapse of the Roman Empire coalesced the tribes of England into a nation state. Centuries of incessant warfare finally... Read more
Andreas Bummel
Get Full Text in PDF 1. The Limits of National Democratization The peaceful mass protests of millions of Egyptians that toppled the repressive and corrupt presidency of Hosni Mubarak in the course of 18 days and the ouster of Tunisia’s President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali after massive civil resistance might turn out to mark an important milestone in the expansion of democracy in the world.* Over... Read more
T. Natarajan
Get Full Text in PDF Government is as old as the society. Governance is as recent as 1900. One is a fact of power. The other is a theoretical concept that precedes in Mind before humanity reduces it to a fact of experience. For the mental man, the latter assumes evolutionary significance of extraordinary value. Man when he realises that significance, acquires a Himalayan power to take his... Read more
Get Full Text in PDF A new world is struggling to be born. Or rather a world of separate and disparate people and nations is struggling to evolve into a diversified but unified human community. Throughout history two opposing tendencies have spurred the evolution of society – the urge of the collective to ensure its security, sustenance and power through exercise of authority, organization and... Read more
Heitor Gurgulino de Souza
Get Full Text in PDF Very warm congratulations on the new journal - it certainly has a role to play in today's world.* Over the holidays I had an opportunity to read some of the well-written articles in the first issue of Cadmus.  I also read and liked "OUR VISION" published on the second page in which you requested "my ideas" regarding this new endeavor. WAAS completed fifty... Read more
Global Governance & Democracy
Alexander Likhotal
Michael Marien
Alexander Likhotal
T. Natarajan
Heitor Gurgulino de Souza